Static routing is a form of routing that occurs when a router uses a manually configured routing entry rather than information from a dynamic routing path. In this case, static routes are manually configured by a network administrator by adding entries to a routing table. Unlike dynamic routing, static routes are fixed and do not change even if the network is changed or reconfigured. Static routing and dynamic routing are not mutually exclusive. Both dynamic routing and static routing are usually used on a router to maximize routing efficiency and to provide backups in the event that dynamic routing information fails to be exchanged.
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